The impulse to violate the First Amendment rights of Muslims-as Muslims!-is so blatantly wrong and so radical, in the worst sense, that it almost defies outrage. Until now, nobody in a position of responsibility has sought to deny basic religious liberty to any group whose practices did not somehow trespass the law. Despite disagreements around the borders of religious freedom, the nation shared a consensus in favor of the concept-for everyone, with no exceptions.
It is a consensus that dates back to the first days following the Revolution, when George Washington wrote to the Jewish congregation in Newport, Rhode Island, guaranteeing the new republic's commitment to universal tolerance. The first president explained in that historic letter why that guarantee could only be categorical and indivisible:
"All possess alike liberty of conscience and immunities of citizenship. It is now no more that toleration is spoken of, as if it was by the indulgence of one class of people, that another enjoyed the exercise of their inherent national gifts."